Ketamine is an anesthetic drug used in human and veterinary medicine, usually in combination with some other sedative drug. It is used for the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. The person or animal is usually unconscious during the period of anesthesia and has no memory of what happened during that time.
Ketamine was developed by Parke-Davis in 1962 and started to be used as a recreational drug because it produced a pleasant dissociative state, characterized by a sense of detachment from one’s physical body. As a result Ketamine gained the reputation as a drug that would let you get away from your pain and problems.
Ketamine is a fast-acting ‘dissociative anesthetic.’ Rather than blocking pain like traditional painkillers, it shuts off the brain from the body. With the brain no longer processing information from nerve pathways, awareness expands resulting in a hallucinogenic state.
On the street Ketamine is also known as Special K, K, or Ket. It comes in a clear liquid and a white or off-white powder. It can be injected, mixed in a drink, or combined with tobacco or marijuana and smoked.
Ketamine makes users feel disassociated or disconnected from their bodies and can cause hallucinations. The user may feel sleepy or sluggish, or confused and clumsy. They may babble, appear drunk, or have trouble remembering who they are.
Ketamine started to be used as a date rape drug because it is clear and virtually tasteless. This makes it easy to slip into someone’s drink, causing them to become disoriented, confused, dissociated, and compliant. They are suggestible, confused, and easily manipulated.
The victim is usually compliant, suggestible, and shows no overt resistance. As a result they can be easily led into a private setting and usually do not resist whatever is done to them. When given in a sufficient dose the victim has no memory of what happened. On the street this period of dissociated amnesia is called “being stuck in the K hole.”
As with any drug purchased illegally, you don’t know what you are getting when you buy ketamine. The Exact dose of the Ketamine is unknown and it may be mixed or laced what other substances. In short, you really don’t know what you are buying or using. You don’t know how much of the drug you are ingesting and that can be dangerous or even lethal.
Since ketamine is an anesthetic, there is a risk of vomiting associated with its use. Eating or drinking before taking the drug increases the risk of choking on one’s own vomit.
Ketamine affects the central nervous system, and can reduce the amount of oxygen getting to the brain and other vital organs. With repeated use this can cause cognitive impairment and set the stage for a variety of medical complications.
Ketamine is an addictive drug which means that with frequent us tolerance, the need to use more to get the same effect, and dependence, getting trapped in a pattern of out-of-control compulsive use can occur.
It is possible to overdose because high doses of ketamine slow down a person’s breathing. It can cause the user to lose consciousness, and in some cases, may be fatal. If any signs of a potential overdose occurs 911 should be called.
Most people who overdose are addicted users who have developed tolerance. So Once the emergency is stabilized, a referral for addiction assessment and treatment is usually appropriate.
Taking ketamine with other “downers,” like alcohol or heroin, only increases the drug’s sedative effects and increases the risk of slowing or shutting down the central nervous system.
Most drug tests don’t specifically look for ketamine, but it can be detected in urine for two to four days after use.
Detox for ketamine addiction is more emotionally than physically painful and should be supervised by trained personnel.
In the United States, it is illegal to possess ketamine unless you are a licensed medical practitioner or have a prescription. Under U.K. law, ketamine is a Class C drug, which means it is illegal to possess or use it.
Since 1970, it has been popular in medicine in the UK and US and all over the world as a safe anesthetic for children and the elderly. Doctors in the Emergency Room may use K for certain procedures, including intubating youngsters.
Special K is also used as a sedative for patients in the Intensive Care ward of the hospital and to treat bronchial spasms. It is also used by vets on animals for short operations, hence it being dubbed a “horse tranquilizer.”
People Who Abuse Ketamine
Ketamine users tend to be teenagers and young adults. This drug may be bought at dance clubs and raves. According to a survey conducted by the University of Michigan’s Monitoring the Future Survey, approximately three percent of high school students had tried K at some point.
Street prices vary, depending on the dealer involved, the quality of the product and the geographic area involved. In some cases, ketamine can be bought for as little as $10 per gram, although some dealers charge between $20-$50 per gram of the drug at parties and special events.
Ketamine comes in three main forms:
– tablet and
The most common form is white powder which is snorted. It looks like cocaine but is smoother and less likely to form hard rocks or a flowery texture if damp.
Most users start out by taking Ketamine in powdered form as it allows them to introduce themselves to the drug with small amounts. When ketamine is being ingested
in this way, the dosage ranges from 15-200 mg.
Ketamine in tablet or capsule form often masquerades as a brand of Ecstasy.
Ketamine pills are usually very diluted and cut with a stimulant like ephedrine (a natural amphetamine-like chemical) to produce a mildly trippy speedy effect.
Ketamine in Liquid Form is known as Ketamine Hydrochloride and is intended for use as a hospital anesthetic. It is sold in liquid form in small 10 ml bottles, often with the brand names Ketaset, Ketavet and Ketalar.
It is dangerous to inject liquid liquid Ketamine into a muscle because many people pass out immediately.
It is also dangerous to drink liquid ketamine because is irritates the stomach lining and can cause severe nausea and profuse vomiting. Since it is fast acting, the used can pass out, you may choke on their own vomit.